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The Unparalleled Beauty of the Tzoumerka Cave

Credit: Video Epirus Gate

The cave in Tzoumerka, Epirus is one of the most impressive and most visited natural wonders of Greece and an ideal destination all year round.

It is located three kilometers from Pramanta, west of Stroggoula, and at an altitude of 900 meters. This is where the visitor finds the Anemotrypa cave.

The uniquely sculpted colored stalagmites and the three ponds in shades of gray, brass and white that have been formed over the years, create a dreamy landscape.

According to, the cave interior was discovered in 1960. Two young men, Apostolis Lambris and Georgios K. Karakostas were told by the community chief to open a bigger slit on the rocks from which cool air was coming out in order to explore its interior, on the occasion of the arrival of the Honorary President of the Hellenic Speleological Society, the late Anna Petrocheilou.

The two men opened the hole and crawled for about 10 meters when they found themselves in front of a wide pit, but the lack of light did not allow them to continue the search. After that, a part of the cave – approximately 270 meters long – was studied and explored, and by 2000 the cave became accessible to visitors.

Inside the cave, there is a blue pond, not because of its depth, but because of the quartz crystals at the bottom.

The cave has three levels. The highest and oldest has collapsed in the past and only parts of it are preserved. The middle level is where visitors walk and the third and lower level is the underground riverbed, which is seen at the end of the visitors’ trail, just before creating a two-meter waterfall.

The visitors’ part has a length of 250 meters. The unique stalagmites are of exceptional beauty, making curtain-like formations, while the lepidoptera adds an eeriness to the atmosphere.

At the same time, Polyxenio, in combination with Calcite, create cavities inside the cave, which are green in color and, especially in winter, are filled with water.

The temperature and humidity conditions in the cave are constant throughout the year. More specifically, the air temperature is always at 19 degrees Celsius (66 Fahrenheit), while the water is constantly at 10 degrees Celsius (50 Fahrenheit).

The cave of Anemotrypa is considered the whitest cave in Greece, as it is made of pure limestone.

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